Thursday, May 29, 2008

Delhi University English - 1A (First, Second, Third Yr) Notes

My Personal Notes
NOTE : Please refer your books & syllabus (I strictly want to tell that these are my/our personal notes, i/we are not responsible for any mistake), Thanks.
Compulsory Language Courese
ENGLISH BOOK UNIT 1-18 (Fluency in English)
BA (PROG. / CORRESPONDENCE)

UNIT ____LESSON __________________________ Author

  1. Inz Lets Things Flow Over Him ............................................ Kadambri Murali
  2. It's Only a Game, Enjoy .......................................................... Tarun J. Tejpal
  3. Haroun and the Sea of Stories ............................................... Salman Rushdie
  4. Girls .......................................................................................... Mrinal Pande
  5. Sisters ....................................................................................... Saleem Peeradina
  6. A Ten Day Fast ........................................................................ Harishankar Parsai
  7. Go, Kiss the World .................................................................. Subroto Bagchi
  8. Amalkanti ............................................................................... Nirendranath Chakrabarti
  9. Hitting Dowry for a Six .......................................................... Kalpna Sharma
  10. Chocolate ................................................................................ Manju Kapur
  11. A Gandian in Garhwal : Chandi Prasad Bhatt.......................... Ramchandra Guha
  12. To Mother................................................................................ S. Usha
  13. Lost and Found : Bengal's Bose ............................................... Mihir Bose
  14. Soapnut Leaves (रीठा की पत्तियां) .............................................. Chaaso
  15. The Lost Word ....................................................................... Esther Morgan
  16. Lambo to the Slaughter(वध / हत्या) .................................... Roald Dah
  17. Some People ........................................................................... Rita Ann Higins
  18. Routes and Escape Routes ................................................... Datta Bhagat
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1. INZY LETS THINGS FLOW OVER HIM - Kadambri Murali

(to see the video of this match click here or click on this link : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bILp0izufSc .

Introduction to the Author : Here is an account of the Pakistan skipper (कप्तान, दल का नेता) from the view point of his boyhood friend Mujtaba, the son of a barber. He tell us how Inzamam was first noted by Imran Khan and invited to Lahore. Inzamam even when he was on top, showed the old time warmth (जोश, उत्साह) to Mujtaba. Time has passed since those days of his glory.


SUMMARY : A human tale of two friends : This article tells the story of a Pakistani cricket player from the view point (दृष्टिकोण) of his friend. Thus it is the story of two friends , their friendship has lasted for nearly 20 years. The two friends are Ghulam Mujtaba and Inzamam-ul Haq. Both were the natives (देशवासी, मूल निवासी) of Multan in Pakistan. They were fast friends. But with the passage of time Inzamam gained status and money as the skipper (कप्तान) of Pakistan team. Mujtaba was left far behind. He could only watch his friend with pride.


  • The long lasting friendship formed at the very first meeting : Mujtaba was 16-17 when he was introduced to Inzamam by Mujtaba's elder brother at their father's barber shop. Inzamam was younger. He was very shy (शर्मीला). But he as a regular visitor at the narrator's house. He (Inzamam) used to make omelet's while Mujtaba made the rotis. They would & talk. sometimes all night. Mujtaba's father ran a hairdressing saloon in a hotel.
    Inzamam's fahther - Pir Intizam-ul-Haq was Multan's big spiritual leader. Often Mujtaba and Inzamam kept awake all night. at daybreak they went straight for the first namaz of the day. Pir Sahab was surprised to see them there so early.
  • Inzamam's cricket skill spotted by Imran Khan : Inzamam spend most of the day at the Multan stadium practicing with his bat. It so happened that once Imran Khan saw the young boy. He noticed the talent in Inzamam. He invited him to Lahore. Inzamam went and joined Lahore club.
  • Inzamam's brilliant performance at the World Cup : Inzamam selected for the 1992 World Cup. His performance at the semi-final against New Zealand was very remarkable although he had come straight from hospital. He had had some sort of food poisoning. He shared the credit for World Cup win.
  • Rousing reception of the hero, Only Mujtaba left back :Inzamam became sports hero & Pakistani Icon, Super Star. Hundred fans came out at the airport to receive the skipper. Mujtaba did't go, he asn't sure of being recognised by his old time friend. But when the motorcade carrying Inzamam was passing the shop, he got off to meet his friend. They travelled the rest of the way together. Success and fame didn't bring about any change in the young hero. Infact, it was his nature to remain unaffected (सहज) by criticism (आलोचना) or praise (तारीफ़, पर्शंसा).
  • Match Fixing allegation (आरोप) against Inzamam : Inzamam passed through a bad phase of life. He was charged with match-fixing. He fell from grace (इज्जत खो जाना). The earlier days of glory (यश) have passed. On Friday morning, he still come down to Mujtaba's house for breakfast. The two meet as good old friends. As Inzamam leaves for practice at the nets, Mujtaba escorts (पहेरेदारी पूर्वक ोड़ कर आना) his wife and children home.
  • Q.1. Who does the article tell us more about, Inzamam or Mujtaba ? Who are you more interested in ? Why ?
  • Ans1. : The article tells us more about Inzamam who became a super sports star, and skipper of Pakistani Cricket team. He wasz a friend of Mujtaba, the son of barber. He did not forget his boyhood friend. Mujtaba is a great admirer of Inzamam. I am more interested in Inzamam, the national hero, rather than a poor barber (but if the friendship is concern both are interesting because they never forget their friendship at all) जहाँ तकदोस्ती का सवाल है तो मुझे दोनों पर नाज़ है क्योंकी दोनों ने दोस्ती मी दारार नही आने दी
  • Q.2 Make a list of qualities (like the one given above) that you think could be used to described Mujtaba, based on information suggestion given in the article. Do you find that some qualities are contradictory (असंगत, विपरीत, अन्तरविरोधी) ? How can you re-correct them ?
  • Ans.2 Ghulam Mujtaba was the son of a barber who has his shop in a Multan Hotel. His brother introduced him to Inzamam, and he took instant liking for the boy. The two become fast friends. They spent a lot of time together, eating and talking. Inzamam left for Lahore and he proved his merit (गुण, योग्यता, खूबी) as a cricketer. He became one of Pakistan's Icon (सितारा, मूर्ति, प्रतिरूप) a super star. But Mujataba had one consolation (आश्वासन, दिलासा, सांत्वना). His friendship did not even cool (ठंडी नही पड़ी) of even off win though Inzamam had gone up in status and money. He a felt proud of his friend and extended a warm welcome when Inzamam came back to Multan. He became a family friend. He became emotional both when he saw his friend off for Lahore and when he welcomed him back in Multan.

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    2. ITS ONLY A GAME ENJOY (Tarun J Tejpal)


Summary : Cricket - a game of knocking the ball around. What is Cricket ? How can we define it accurately ? Truly speaking it is the hitting of a small ball around. The player walk on the playground in fancy clothes. They play the game to amuse the crowd no doubt they display their skill, strength, speed and the spirit of competition.


Cricket- a metaphor (उपमा) for life : A good match, whether Cricket or Football, is all about knocking a ball around. ITs only aim is to provide fun. No game help cure disease. No game ads to human knowledge. It doesn't unfold any secret of our stay on earth. But lovers of sports give a hundred deep meanings to sports. They compare it to life because both cal for struggle, discipline, moral values and success/ defeat. The sports scribes often write about a well contested game much more than they praise (प्रशंसा) a scientist or a scholar.
The spirit & purpose of game - to amuse and to rid us of blood lust : And it is not without reason or justification. Men need a lesson to learn on morality, on observing rules and on how to know a fair game from foul. People usually enjoy a game on the TV screen, they watch their favorite players at any risk of injury to themselves. He is a modern warrior who needs only a bottle of chilled beer and a television set in his living room to satisfy his urge for fighting. The utility of games and sports is to rid us of the our instinct for violence. But if a game generates violence it loses its purpose of providing healthy amusement and suppressing our blood thirst.


Cricket ground - not a battle field : Take the case of Indo-Pak cricket matches. They fail to provide healthy amusement. They are never played in the spirit of the game. The players on either side carry with them their national and religious hatred (घृणा). It is unfortunate because the Indians and Pakistanis are united (एकीकृत, एक से) by history and culture. They belong almost to the same racial stock, Instead of flying at each other's throat at the war front, they should enjoy the battle on the playground on their TV screen.

The duty of the media and journalists : To promote peace between the countries is our foremost need. The journalists, the politicians, the sports analysts (विश्लेषक) can play a vital role. They should not play up the issues of national honour. They can call upon the two rival teams and the players to appreciate on another's performance as good friends and true sportsmen.

No national honour or shame in victory or defeat : Sports should be treated as a means to build bridges of good-will between India and Pakistan. The press should learn to appreciate the wonderful bowling of Pakistani fast bowler Shoaib as also the hard hitting shots of Sachin Tendulkar. There is no need to be biased (पक्षपाती) in praising the best. After all a win or a defeat in a match does not involve national honour or personal shock. A game is only fun if it remains a game; and not a bloddy battle.

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3. HAROUN (son) AND THE SEA OF STORIES - Salman Rushdie

Introduction to Author : Salman Rushdie happens to be Indian-born Muslim novelist. He had to spend many years in hiding because Irani Mullah Khameine issued a fatwa (धार्मिक - कानूनी आदेश) ordering his death over some passages in his book. 'The Satanie Verse.' He has an open mind. He calls upon the Muslims the world over to take Islam into the modern age, to reform it and to join the main stream. He also argues that the Koran should not be treated as perfect or 'infallible' (अचूक, कभी गलती ना करने वाला).

Detailed Summary : The saddest City in Alifbay country : It stood by a gloomy sea full of glum fishes (उदास मछली) which were uneatable. The sad city had big factories in the north. Those factories also manufactured sadness in the form of dark smoke.

Rashid Khalifa - the popular story-letter : But in the old part of the city and
ruined (खंडहर, नष्ट शहर) buildings lived a happy young fellow named Haroun (son). He was the only child of Rashid Khalifa who was well known for his cheery (मगन, मनमोहक) stories. He was a very popular figure. He could go on telling short and winding never- endint tales. This skill earned him two nicknames. His admirers called him the Ocen of Notions (काल्पनिक, खयाली) because he was stuffed with stories just as the sea was many hears proved himself a good husband. He had laughter, while his wife soraya had a sweet voice an she sang. Haroun was lucky grow up in sucha a happy home.

Trouble Approaching : But something went wrong, The family was infected by the poison of sadness, It also became as sad as the city, Soraya once stopped singing in between, Haroun
(son) guessed that there was a touble overtaking his family.

Rashid-almost a magician : Rashid was so busy in making and telling stories and could not notice changes in his wife behaviour. He was a bussy and demanding man. He drew large crowd when on stage. Poor Children old man and even stray (बिखरी एवं घुम्माकड़ लोग), cows, monkeys and parrots showed interest in his tales. Haroun often thought of his father as a juggler ( छलिया, बाजीगर, धोखेबाज).

Haroun's query about the source of Rashid's Stories : Haroun
(son) wondered where his father's stories came from. 'Rashid's (father) tales were a mixture of facts and fictions, processess, wicked (दुष्ट, पापी, उत्पति) uncles, ruffians (गुंडा, बदमाश), heroes and haunting tunes (रोचक संगीत), Haroun (son) often questioned his father (Rashid Khalifa) about the source of his stories. But he never got a straight or satisfactory reply. Father (Rashid Khalifa) only turned his eyebrows and said that he got his tales from the great Story Sea. The stories flowed from an invisible tap of water.

A Happy Family : The Rashid Khalifas lived in the ground floor a small house with pink walls, green windows, blue balconies, looks like a cake. It was neither a high rise (rich) building for rich people nor the hut of a poor. So Haroun
(son) was lucky, but luck did not last longer.

Haroun's
(son's) second question : Haroun was the only child, he was inquisitive (जिज्ञासु, खोजी, पूछताछ करने वाला), He want to know why his parents didn't bring to the world more children ?, the father gave no straight answer. Rashid Khalifa (The Father) never take short cut if there was a short cut available, he said that he had used up full quota of child stuff in making Haroun (son). So Haroun (son) was equal to four - five kiddies. But Soraya (Wife) gave a simpler reply. She admitted sadly that they did try to have more children but failed.

Issue less Sengupta Couple : Upstairs lived another Sentupta (neighbour) couples, Mr. Sengupta was a clerk at city corp. (नगर निगम), he was thin and miserly (कंजूस, लालची), his wife Mrs. Sengupta (Oneeta) was fat and generous (उदार, संत, दानशील), They were issueless (निसंतान, childless), as a result Oneeta (Mrs. Sengupta) Showered her affection on Haroun. She brought him sweetmeats and hugged him. Haroun, however, didn't like the touch of loose flesh. Mr. Sengupta (Oneeta) ignored Haroun. He showed interest in Soraya. He used to criticise (दोष निकलना, निंदा करना, बुरे करना) Rashid Khalifa, he always says "Life was not a story book or joke shop, so there was no use of making useless stories". Haroun began to hate Mr. Sengupta because he spoke against Rashid Khalifa.

Rashid in great demand at election : At election time leaders of various political parties aproached Rashid to amuse the audience at their rallies (रैली) with his sugary tales. People lost faith in political leaders, as liars. But people like Rashid Khalifa who never claimed that his stories were true. He admitted frankly that his stories were made up out of his own head.

Soraya Elopes (गुप्त पलायन, प्रेमी के साथ भाग जाना) with Mr. Sengupta : Once when Haroun ws returning home from school, he was caught in the first downpour of the rainy season. He saw Mrs. Oneeta standing on her upstairs balcony and crying. Inside the house, Rashid's face was also wet tearing. Bad news was that Haroun's mother, Soraya had run off with Mr. Sengupta, at 11 a.m., she had sent Rashid to Haroun's room to search for some missing socks. That was a part of her plan to get away with Sengupta in a taxi. Before eloping, she left a note reporting nasty things, Mr. Sengupta used to say about Rashid. But she ended the letter expressing her affection for Haroun.

Rashid loses his only talent of story telling : Rashid looked so pathetic (करुनाजनक), Haroun (son) also accused (अभियुक्त , मुलजिम, गुनाहगार) him of wasting his time and energy in telling untrue stories. Rshid Khalifa (Father) wept and the boy felt sorry. He wanted to get his words back, but he couldn't do that. The charge hurt Rashid Khalifa so badly that he ran out of stories altogether Haroun blamed himself for his father's loss.
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4. GIRLS

The Narrator - eight year old girl - Milli
:    


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10 comments:

bhavya said...

what about the other chapters...
don't u feel to write about them or give views about them..

Anushika said...

dear i am in so hurry next month my exams so if some one from first year want to continue ...... but i am very bussy in second year examinations. Thankns for comment.

ravi sharma's pic said...

WHERE ARE NEXT THE LSSN...I AM RAVI SHARMA FROM DU..I MEAN SOUTH CAMS.

juli verghese said...

Dear Friends Please Comments me Next Lesson Type Kar Ke Bhej Do mai Copy Paste Kar Ke Daal Dungi, Really I have no time, Mera paas bilkul bhi time nahi hai aajkal, because further padhai karni hai, to please send me few next lesson so that i may copy paste them in my Blog, Thanks for Comments, With Love Juli Verghese, DU Correspondence IIIrd Yr.

nishtha bhardwaj said...

10 dayz fast...
n go kiss d world.....

Radhika Gupta said...

hey can u please give me notes of other chapters too i wil be realy grateful to u :D

lakshay bharti said...

Hey....very great notes.....!!!
Plz let us kno more......!!
Please write...when u free...!!!

shikha pandey said...

Can you please provide me the notes of Advanced English (3rd year) if possible for you, as in, I'm pursuing B. A. Programme from DU. And if you know that exams are at door steps now so please help me out. I'll be highly grateful to you. Thanks :)

Chahat Batra said...

WILL U GIVE ME THE NOTES OF OTHER CHAPTERS AS WELL?

Jeewan Mehta said...

Notify